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Improvements in fuel cell designImprovements in fuel cell design

Rediscovering Venus to find faraway earths

Archaeologists discover bronze remains of Iron Age chariot

Researchers resolve the Karakoram glacier anomaly, a cold case of climate science

Fish tale: New study evaluates antibiotic content in farm-raised fishFish tale: New study evaluates antibiotic content in farm-raised fish

New 3-D display technology promises greater energy efficiencyNew 3-D display technology promises greater energy efficiency

Researchers break nano barrier to engineer the first protein microfiberResearchers break nano barrier to engineer the first protein microfiber

Magnetic mirrors enable new technologies by reflecting light in uncanny ways

Structure of an iron-transport protein revealedStructure of an iron-transport protein revealed

First step: From human cells to tissue-engineered esophagusFirst step: From human cells to tissue-engineered esophagus

Lift weights, improve your memory

Spiders: Survival of the fittest group

Autophagy helps fast track stem cell activationAutophagy helps fast track stem cell activation

Myelin vital for learning new practical skillsMyelin vital for learning new practical skills

More physical activity improved school performanceMore physical activity improved school performance

Around the world in 400,000 years: The journey of the red foxAround the world in 400,000 years: The journey of the red fox

Engineering new vehicle powertrainsEngineering new vehicle powertrains

Active aging is much more than exerciseActive aging is much more than exercise

Study: New device can slow, reverse heart failureStudy: New device can slow, reverse heart failure

Are the world's religions ready for ET?Are the world's religions ready for ET?

Gut bacteria, artificial sweeteners and glucose intoleranceGut bacteria, artificial sweeteners and glucose intolerance

Recreating the stripe patterns found in animals by engineering synthetic gene networksRecreating the stripe patterns found in animals by engineering synthetic gene networks

Laying the groundwork for data-driven scienceLaying the groundwork for data-driven science

Nature's designs inspire research into new light-based technologiesNature's designs inspire research into new light-based technologies

Missing piece found to help solve concussion puzzleMissing piece found to help solve concussion puzzle

Biologists delay the aging process by 'remote control'Biologists delay the aging process by 'remote control'

Geography matters: Model predicts how local 'shocks' influence U.S. economyGeography matters: Model predicts how local 'shocks' influence U.S. economy

Identified for the first time what kind of explosive has been used after the detonationIdentified for the first time what kind of explosive has been used after the detonation

Copied from nature: Detecting software errors via genetic algorithmsCopied from nature: Detecting software errors via genetic algorithms

Parenting Bulletin - March 2011 Archives

Comparing profiles of learning and memory impairments in 2 groups of children (3/31/2011)

A new study has compared the verbal learning and memory performance of children with heavy prenatal alcohol exposure (PAE) with that of children with attention-deficit/ hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). The children with PAE had initial problems with learning information, reflecting inefficient encoding of verbal material. The children with ADHD had difficulty retaining information over time, reflecting a deficit in retrieval of learned material. ...> Full Article

Newborn hearing screenings do not appear to identify all children at risk for hearing loss (3/30/2011)

Although universal newborn hearing screening programs appear to identify children with hearing loss at a younger age, nearly one-third of pediatric cochlear implant recipients pass newborn screening only to be diagnosed later in infancy or early childhood, according to a report in the March issue of Archives of Otolaryngology -- Head & Neck Surgery, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. ...> Full Article

An early age at first drink combined with stressful life events can lead to heavy drinking (3/30/2011)

Researchers believe that an early age at first drink (AFD) may lead to greater stress-induced drinking. A new study examines interactions between AFD and stressful life events on drinking during young adulthood. Findings indicate a strong link between an early AFD and later heavy drinking when confronted by a high load of stressful life events. ...> Full Article

Interest in toys predicts effectiveness of autism treatment in toddlers (3/29/2011)

Toddlers who played with a limited number of toys showed more improvement in their communication skills following parent-guided treatment than those receiving other community-based treatments. The report is the first to examine this autism treatment -- called Hanen's More Than Words -- for children younger than two showing early signs of an autism spectrum disorder. ...> Full Article

Mothers have a higher sickness absence than fathers (3/29/2011)

Before they have children, men and women are approximately equally often absent from work due to illness. But after the birth of their first child, the mother has about twice as many days of absence due to illness as the father. This difference remains up until 15 years after the birth of the first child. This is shown in a new report from the Institute for Labour Market Policy Evaluation in Sweden. ...> Full Article

Critical thinking: How do children learn who to trust? (3/28/2011)

A UT Dallas researcher is examining how children evaluate information to solve problems and learn how to think critically, with the aim of combating misleading advertising aimed at young people. ...> Full Article

'Pre-baby blues' due to lack of support from partner (3/28/2011)

Pregnancy is meant to be a joyous time however some women experience overwhelming "baby blues" before the birth of their child. Anxiety and depression during pregnancy can result in premature birth, or low birth weight, and impact the child's health even into early school years. New research published in BioMed Central's open access journal BMC Public Health shows that a bad relationship with their husband or partner is the strongest predictor of maternal emotional distress. ...> Full Article

Gender stereotypes about math develop as early as second grade (3/27/2011)

University of Washington researchers report that children express the stereotype that mathematics is for boys, not for girls, as early as second grade, before gender differences in math achievement emerge. ...> Full Article

The new adulthood: Extended parental support as a safety net (3/26/2011)

Parental assistance in early adulthood promotes progress toward autonomy and self-reliance. ...> Full Article

New treatment may desensitize kids with milk allergies, say researchers (3/26/2011)

Milk allergy is the most common, affecting 2.5 percent of children under age 3. In a small clinical study, immunologists and allergists at Children's Hospital Boston and the Stanford University School of Medicine report effectively desensitizing milk-allergic patients by increasing their exposure to milk in tandem with an allergy drug called omalizumab, allowing children to build up resistance quickly with limited allergic reactions. ...> Full Article

Less than one-third of children ages 5-15 will wake up to home smoke alarms (3/25/2011)

An Australian study to determine the likelihood of school-aged children waking up to their home smoke alarm found that 78 percent of children slept through a smoke alarm sounding for 30 seconds. The outcomes of the study are published today in the journal Fire and Materials. ...> Full Article

Giving children the power to be scientists (3/24/2011)

Children who are taught how to think and act like scientists develop a clearer understanding of the subject, a study has shown. ...> Full Article

Use of interactive digital exercise games by children can result in high level of energy expenditure (3/23/2011)

Middle school-aged children who participated in interactive digital gaming activities that feature player movement (exergaming), such as dancing or boxing, increased their energy expenditure to a level of moderate or vigorous intensity, according to a report posted online today that will appear in the July print issue of Archives of Pediatrics & Adolescent Medicine, one of the JAMA/Archives journals. ...> Full Article

Boy toddlers need extra help dealing with negative emotions (3/22/2011)

The way you react to your two-year-old's temper tantrums or clinginess may lead to anxiety, withdrawal and behavior problems down the road, and the effect is more pronounced if the child is a boy who often displays such negative emotions as anger and social fearfulness, reports a new University of Illinois study. ...> Full Article

Is your child's hobby making him sick? (3/21/2011)

Used woodwind and brass instruments were found to be heavily contaminated with a variety of bacteria and fungi, many of which are associated with minor to serious infectious and allergic diseases, according to a study published in the March/April 2011 issue of General Dentistry, the peer-reviewed clinical journal of the Academy of General Dentistry. ...> Full Article

Older parents are happier with more children (3/21/2011)

The more children young parents have, the unhappier they are. From age 40 on, however, it is the other way round. Then, more children generally mean more happiness. This is true independent of sex, income, or partnership status, as researchers of the Max Planck Institute for Demographic Research in Rostock and the University of Pennsylvania now show in a study based on a survey of over 200,000 women and men in 86 countries conducted from 1981 to 2005. ...> Full Article

Joint pain in children: Is it just a sore knee, or ... ? (3/20/2011)

While lab tests and imaging can sometimes help diagnose juvenile idiopathic arthritis, a physical examination and thorough patient history are the most valuable tools in identifying this disease. ...> Full Article

Tobacco smoking impacts teens' brains, study shows (3/19/2011)

In a study comparing teenage smokers and non-smokers, UCLA researchers found that the greater a teen's addiction to nicotine, the less active an area of the brain called the prefrontal cortex (PFC) became. The PFC guides "executive functions" like decision-making, and is an area that is still developing structurally and functionally in adolescents. ...> Full Article

Negative classroom environment adversely affects children's mental health (3/18/2011)

Children in classrooms with inadequate material resources and children whose teachers feel they are not respected by colleagues exhibit more mental health problems than students in classrooms without these issues, finds a new study in the March issue of the Journal of Health and Social Behavior. ...> Full Article

Parents important for keeping adolescents off alcohol (3/18/2011)

Parents who are both present and engaged are the very best way of preventing teenagers from consuming large quantities of alcohol. Adolescents who smoke, stay out with their friends and have access to alcohol -- from their parents, for example -- when they are as young as 13 are at greater risk of becoming binge drinkers in their late teens, reveals a new thesis from the Swedish medical university Karolinska Institutet. ...> Full Article

Early male friendship as a precursor to substance abuse in girls (3/17/2011)

A new study shows that girls tend to pursue mixed-gender friendships earlier than boys, and may be more likely to develop substance abuse problems during late adolescence as a result. ...> Full Article

Depression following miscarriage can continue after healthy birth (3/17/2011)

Women who experience depression and anxiety after a miscarriage can continue to experience these symptoms for years, even if they subsequently go on to have a healthy child. The findings are based on 13,133 women involved in the Avon Longitudinal Study of Parents and Children and published online today by the British Journal of Psychiatry. ...> Full Article

Parents rationalize the economic cost of children by exaggerating their parental joy (3/16/2011)

Any parent can tell you that raising a child is emotionally and intellectually draining. Despite their tales of professional sacrifice, financial hardship, and declines in marital satisfaction, many parents continue to insist that their children are an essential source of happiness and fulfillment in their lives. A new study published in Psychological Science suggests that parents create rosy pictures of parental joy as a way to justify the huge investment that kids require. ...> Full Article

Hands-on learning turns children's minds on to science (3/15/2011)

Hands-on learning turns children's minds on to scienceThousands of schoolchildren will soon be asking the questions when inquiry-based learning comes to science classrooms across Europe, turning the traditional model of science teaching on its head. The pan-European INQUIRE program is an exciting new teacher-training initiative delivered by a seventeen-strong consortium of botanic gardens, natural history museums, universities and NGOs. ...> Full Article

6 different pathways to adulthood (3/14/2011)

Only in very few life phases do individuals face as many life transitions in such a short time as young adults at the age of 19‒30. The transition from adolescence to adulthood is characterized by frequent changes in status or social roles, such as leaving the parental home, starting a career, entering into working life, forming a partnership and becoming a parent. ...> Full Article

Language patterns are roller-coaster ride during childhood development (3/13/2011)

Why, and when, do we learn to speak the way that we do? Research from North Carolina State University on African-American children presents an unexpected finding: language use can go on a roller-coaster ride during childhood as kids adopt and abandon vernacular language patterns. ...> Full Article

Happy children make happy adults (3/12/2011)

Being a "happy" teenager is linked to increased well-being in adulthood, new research finds. ...> Full Article

First aid for the under 5s (3/11/2011)

One of the reasons often given by people for not attempting first aid in emergency situations is a lack of confidence and a fear of doing more harm than good. Yet a Norwegian study on four and five year olds published in BioMed Central's open access journal Scandinavian Journal of Trauma, Resuscitation and Emergency Medicine shows that even young children are able to learn and perform basic first aid. ...> Full Article

Microbes help children to breathe easily (3/10/2011)

Children who grow up on farms are less likely to suffer from asthma than other rural children. An international team of researchers including Dr. Markus Ege and Professor Erika von Mutius at Ludwig-Maximilians-Universitaet in Munich has published a large-scale study that now indicates that this may be due to differences in the spectrum of microbes the two groups are likely to encounter. This findings suggest that certain microorganisms may protect against the disease. ...> Full Article

Crying baby draws blunted response in depressed mom's brain (3/9/2011)

Crying baby draws blunted response in depressed mom's brainMothers who are depressed respond differently to their crying babies than do non-depressed moms. In fact, their reaction, according to brain scans at the University of Oregon, is much more muted than the robust brain activity in non-depressed moms. ...> Full Article

Men attend childbirth classes for partner's sake (3/8/2011)

Although their involvement is very different, childbirth is an important shared experience for the first-time father and his partner, yet men generally attend childbirth classes only for their partner's sake, reveals research from the University of Gothenburg, Sweden. ...> Full Article

Poor park planning drives kids indoors (3/7/2011)

In a study looking at the links between the quality of outdoor public spaces, parents' perception of them, and children's sedentary behavior, Dr. Jenny Veitch and colleagues, from the Centre for Physical Activity and Nutrition Research at Deakin University in Australia, show that neighborhood features do influence whether or not children watch less television and play fewer computer games after school. Dr. Veitch's work is published online in Springer's journal, Annals of Behavioral Medicine. ...> Full Article

Research examines callous-unemotional traits, conduct problems in children (3/6/2011)

Research examines callous-unemotional traits, conduct problems in childrenResearch presented this week at the annual meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science highlights the importance of callous-unemotional traits in identifying children at risk of antisocial behavior and other adjustment problems. ...> Full Article

Careful cleaning of children's skin wounds key to healing, regardless of antibiotic choice (3/5/2011)

When it comes to curing skin infected with the antibiotic-resistant bacterium MRSA (methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus), timely and proper wound cleaning and draining may be more important than the choice of antibiotic, according to a new Johns Hopkins Children's Center study. The work is published in the March issue of Pediatrics. ...> Full Article

High-caffeine-consuming boys get greater rush from caffeine than girls (3/4/2011)

Among the many differences between girls and boys, add the effects from caffeine -- physiological, behavioral and subjective -- to the list. ...> Full Article

Parenting stress affects new mothers’ postpartum lifestyle (3/4/2011)

Parenting stress affects new mothers’ postpartum lifestylePost-pregnancy excess weight is likely caused by the impact of new parenthood stress on physical activity, Georgia Health Sciences University researchers say. ...> Full Article

Infants raised in bilingual environments can distinguish unfamiliar languages: UBC research (3/2/2011)

Infants raised in households where Spanish and Catalan are spoken can discriminate between English and French just by watching people speak, even though they have never been exposed to these new languages before, according to University of British Columbia psychologist Janet Werker. ...> Full Article

Brain function linked to birth size in groundbreaking new study (3/2/2011)

Scientists have discovered the first evidence linking brain function variations between the left and right sides of the brain to size at birth and the weight of the placenta. The finding could shed new light on the causes of mental health problems in later life. ...> Full Article

Parenting after the death of a child a difficult balancing act (3/1/2011)

One of the tough challenges a parent faces when a child dies is to learn how to parent the surviving children, according to York University psychology professor Stephen Fleming. Bereaved parents are faced with the two extremes of loss and life -- the suffocating loss of a child and the ongoing, daily demands from their surviving children, says Fleming, co-author of the recently published book, "Parenting After the Death of a Child: A Practitioner's Guide." ...> Full Article

Maternal fructose intake impacts female and male fetuses differently (3/1/2011)

A recent study accepted for publication in Endocrinology, a publication of The Endocrine Society, reports for the first time that maternal fructose intake during pregnancy results in sex-specific changes in fetal and neonatal endocrinology. ...> Full Article

New Articles
Certain parenting tactics could lead to materialistic attitudes in adulthoodCertain parenting tactics could lead to materialistic attitudes in adulthood

Even expectant dads experience prenatal hormone changes

A 2-minute delay in cutting the umbilical cord leads to a better development of newborns

Study finds low weight gain in pregnant women reduces male fetal survivalStudy finds low weight gain in pregnant women reduces male fetal survival

Prenatal exposure to common household chemicals linked with substantial drop in child IQ

Are you helping your toddler's aggressive behavior?

Punishing kids for lying just doesn't work

Higher birth weight indicates better performance in school

Are the benefits of breast milk stimulant worth the risk?

Many chest X-rays in children are unnecessaryMany chest X-rays in children are unnecessary

Why does physical activity during childhood matter?

Heavier newborns show academic edge in school

Why don't children belong to the clean plate club?Why don't children belong to the clean plate club?

New study examines the effect of timing of folic acid supplementation during pregnancy

Full-day preschool linked with increased school readiness compared with part-day

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